Links discussed various wastewater issues, particularly dealing with lined ponds on the well drilling pad.
- - 1431 - [March 11, 2008] - The Colubus Dispatch, Spencer Hunt - "Sites sought for region’s fracking residue"
- "Battelle scientists are leading a search for sites where companies can pump fracking waste underground in Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia.
The two-year project, funded by a $1.8 million U.S. Department of Energy grant, is a response to the growing amount of polluted wastewater that bubbles out of fracked shale wells. Millions of barrels of the waste are pumped into disposal wells, many of which are in Ohio."
- - 1460 - [January 10, 2014] - HUFF Post Green, Merc Levy - "Pennsylvania Governor Wolf Advances Tougher Gas Drilling Rules"
- "A forthcoming proposal to toughen regulations for the Marcellus Shale natural gas drilling industry will target how it stores waste, dampens noise and affects public water resources, schools and playgrounds, state environmental regulators said Monday.
The proposal is the first signal from Gov. Tom Wolf's administration of how it will approach the natural gas industry after the Democrat campaigned last year on a promise to toughen state regulation of the industry. He also is seeking lawmakers' approval of higher taxes on booming natural gas production to boost aid to public schools."
- - 1472 - [January 13, 2011] - OilPrice, Colin Chilcoat - "An Emerging Cure For Fracking Wastewater"
- "As shale plays in the US boom and bust – the rig count is down again – one thing remains relatively unchanged: fracking is a dirty business. That doesn’t mean it can’t improve, however. Low prices have put pressure on the rapid development of tertiary, or enhanced, recovery methods, but greener, more environmentally friendly innovations could soon pay dividends.
Water is the problem, and the scope is huge. Not water in general – on a gallon/MMBtu basis, water consumption for hydraulic fracturing actually ranks below both coal and ethanol production. Instead, what’s left is the issue
- - 1473 - [March 9, 2015] - OilPrice, James Stafford - "Texas: From Shale Boom To Water Revolution"
- "Texas is famous the world over for two things on a massive scale: oil and droughts. Now the slick but dry state is becoming famous for water: that precious element that both resolves the drought problem and also makes it possible to pump more oil out of the ground.
Not only does Texas have the Permian Basin and the Eagle Ford shale, but it also has the Gulf of Mexico and its massive oil deposits and endless gallons of seawater that are now economically treatable thanks to next generation water processing technology.
As NASA predicts a decades-long ‘mega drought’ later this century, next generation water processing technology coming from within the oil industry promises not only to help solve Texas’ drought problem by accessing and desalinating brackish and slightly salty water sources deep under the dry Texan surface, but to go one step further by desalinating ocean water and turning dirty water into potable water.
First, microbes are introduced into the wastewater, which feed on the organic contaminants and release their inherent energy. The energy is then used to create an electric current between positively and negatively charged electrodes. Once live, the electrodes attract the dissolved salt, trapping it on their surface. It does not end there, however. Besides preparing the wastewater for reuse, the battery also creates a surplus of energy that could be used to run equipment on site. Traditional treatment methods are net users of electricity and not providers."
- - 1474 - [March 12, 2015] - Oil Gas Daily, Staff Writers - "Making treatment of oil and gas wastewater simpler, cheaper"
- "Earthquakes are a rarity in Youngstown, Ohio but the holidays saw just such excitement as residents experienced two earthquakes, which registered 2.7 and 4.0 on the Richter scale. The earthquakes resulted in no casualties and relatively minor damage, but the historical paucity of earthquakes in the region has led officials to question nearby fracking operations. Hydraulic fracturing, fracking, is a process of drilling for natural gas which has stirred up controversy between environmental and scientific groups—which question its safety—and pro-business groups—which support the economic benefits of recovering potentially massive quantities of natural gas. This week, Politics & Policy will attempt to sort through the controversy, explain exactly what fracking is and whether it is truly as dangerous as some critics have suggested."
- - 1477 -  - BloomBergBusiness, Jim Efstathiou Jr - "Fracking Fluids May Migrate to Aquifers, Researcher Says"
- "Chemically treated drilling fluid can migrate through thousands of feet of rock and endanger water supplies, said a hydrologist whose research calls into question the safety of hydraulic fracturing for natural gas.
The fluids can migrate faster that previously thought, Tom Myers, a Reno, Nevada, researcher, said yesterday. His study, published in the online journal Ground Water on April 17, says fluids can reach shallow drinking-water aquifers in as little as three years."
- - 1562 - [November 29, 2013] - About Money, Wendy Lyons Sunshine - "Waste Water Byproducts of Shale Gas Drilling"
- "During hydrofracking, millions of gallons of water mixed with industrial chemicals and proppant (sand or ceramic particles) are blasted into the well bore to release natural gas. In the Marcellus Shale formation in the northeastern
U.S., for example, fracking a single well can require 1 million to 5 million gallons of this water mixture.
Waste water that comes back up out of a shale gas well goes by two names: flowback and produced water. These terms are often used interchangeably, but they have slightly different meanings"
- - 1564 - [NA] - About News, Frederic Beaudry - "Natural Gas Fracking: What Happens to the Waste Water?"
- "...The fracking process involves the use of large amounts of water, on average 3 to 5 million gallons of water per well. In the Marcellus shale formation, an average of 430,000 gallons of waste water comes back out of the well. This waste water consists of flowback water, which is of similar composition as the water and chemical cocktail pumped down, and of produced water, which contains the brine that was in the shale formation. So in addition to the fracking chemicals, this waste water contains high concentrations of salt, heavy metals like lead, arsenic, and strontium, and sometimes radioactive elements like uranium, radium, and radon."
- - 1570 - [March 24, 2015] - Audebon, Tessa Stuart - "Big Oil:s Best-Kept Secret"
- "To keep itself off the Toxics Release Inventory, the fossil fuel industry might have a new trick up its sleeve—putting state attorneys general on the payroll.
By now most of us have a basic grasp of the way fracking works: Pumps shoot a high-pressure cocktail of water, silt, and chemicals hundreds of feet underground, shattering ancient rock and releasing pockets of natural gas, a whole lot of money, and a brew of toxic byproducts. What we don’t know is exactly how much of which toxins are collecting in the soil, seeping into groundwater, or wafting into nearby communities. Fossil fuel companies have kept it that way, with help from governors, congressmen, senators, and, increasingly, state attorneys general."