Links to stories of interest
- - 1014 - [NA] - Spectra Energy, Craig Sprowl - "Texas Eastern: Still Looking Good at 65"
- "Texas Eastern, an important part of Spectra Energy’s legacy and continuing operations, is celebrating its 65th anniversary in 2012. As one of the largest natural gas infrastructure companies in North America, Spectra Energy’s roots reach back over 100 years – to the formation of Union Gas, Ltd. – and encompass the proud, 65-year history of Texas Eastern.
On February 8, the new company submitted a bid ... Texas Eastern purchased 3,182 miles of pipeline, extending from Texas to the East Coast, which could transport natural gas, petroleum or petroleum products."
- - 1015 - [NA] - Spectra Energy, Spectra Energy - "Texas Eastern Transmission"
- "With 8,987 miles of pipeline, Texas Eastern Transmission connects Texas and the Gulf Coast with high demand markets in the northeastern United States, supplying fuel for electric generation facilities and helping to meet peak-day demands.
Spectra Energy owns the storage field near the town of Accident, Maryland, and partially owns the Pennsylvania fields near Oakford (50 percent) and Leidy (25 percent). The proximity of these storage fields to our shippers provides a great deal of flexibility. The depleted reservoirs in use at Accident, Oakford and Leidy allow for "one turn" per year (an injection and withdrawal cycle that takes 12 months)."
- - 1096 - [September 4, 2014] - U.S. Energy Information Administration, U.S. Energy Information Administration - "Energy in Brief - Shale in the United States"
- "Over the past decade, the combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing has provided access to large volumes of oil and natural gas that were previously uneconomic to produce from low permeability geological formations composed of shale, sandstone, and carbonate (e.g., limestone).
Shale oil and natural gas resources are found in shale formations that contain significant accumulations of natural gas and/or oil. The Barnett Shale in Texas has been producing natural gas for more than a decade. Information gained from developing the Barnett Shale provided the initial technology template for developing other shale plays in the United States. Another important shale gas play is the Marcellus Shale in the eastern United States. While the Barnett and Marcellus formations are well-known shale gas plays in the United States, more than 30 U.S. states overlie shale formations."
- - 1126 - [April 28, 2013] - Urban Economics, Zheng Lu - "Possible Effects of Hydraulic Fracturing and Shale Gas Development in Durham County"
- "Presently, hydraulic fracturing is not approved in North Carolina. However, on February 27, 2013, the North Carolina Senate approved a bill which would allow the North Carolina Mining and Energy Commission to start issuing permits for fracking by March 2015. The bill is currently being debated in the North Carolina House (Drye). In order to study the effects of hydraulic fracturing, a comparison can be made to other areas that have recently permitted fracking. Washington County, Pennsylvania provides a good source for comparison. Shale gas wells have recently been drilled in that area."
- - 1329 - [July 24, 2009] - The Pennsylvania State University - College of Earth & Mineral Sciences - Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering, Timothy Considine, Ph.D., M.B.A., Robert Watson, Ph.D., P.E., Rebecca Entler, Jeffrey Sparks - "An Emerging Giant: Prospects and Economic Impacts of Developing the Marcellus Shale Natural Gas Play"
- "Many Pennsylvanians are aware of the recent surge in natural gas leasing activity. The vast majority of citizens, however, do not fully appreciate the scale of change such development will unleash. This report educates the public on the current size, economic impacts, and future prospects of the Marcellus shale gas industry in Pennsylvania"
- - 1426 - [January 26, 2015] - Oil & Gas Journal, James R. Wood, J. R. Allan, Jacqueline E. Huntoon, Wayne D. Pennington, William B. Harrison III, Eric Taylor, Craig J. Tester - "Horizontal well success spurs more Devonian work in Michigan"
- "The principal objective of this DOE-sponsored project was to drill a horizontal demonstration well in order to test the viability of using horizontal wells to recover bypassed oil from the Dundee reservoir in Crystal field.
In addition, a modern log suite through the entire Dundee formation and a conventional core through the productive interval, the oil/water contact, and the upper part of the water leg were to be obtained.
During the early years of Dundee development in central Michigan, it was common practice to drill only a short distance below the cap limestone into the top of the Dundee porosity zone before completing a well in order to prevent lost circulation and blowouts in vuggy and fractured dolomites and to avoid penetration of the oil/water contact and minimize water coning."
- - 1430 - [September 16, 2014] - The Columbus Dispatch, Kevin Mayhood - "Low down, rich and stingy"
- "Low down, rich and stingy -
For a time, Ohio was located just south of the equator and areas of the state were covered by a warm, shallow sea filled with ancient algae, plankton, fishes and sharks.
Over eons, the Earth's plates and equator shifted, the plants and animals died, the sea dried up, layers of sediment formed and the rich mud at the bottom of the geologic pile became compressed by time and incredible pressure.
Fast-forward to today, and that shale, buried deep beneath eastern Ohio, West Virginia, upstate New York and parts of Pennsylvania, contains something energy companies are dying to reach -- natural gas."
- - 1435 - [NA] - Oi & Gas Technology, Brian Robson - "The Engineering Genius of Fracking: A study in Mechanical Excellence"
- "The issue of hydraulic fracturing (or “fracking”) too often becomes a political dispute, which threatens to obscure a far more important matter for the energy industry as a whole: That fracking is a feat of engineering genius, an example of the working complexity of so many pumps, valves, meters, gears, gauges and systems; it yields more than precious (and previously inaccessible) quantities of natural gas and oil, representing, instead, a marvel of so many moving parts and specialized pieces of machinery."
- - 1442 - [Wintr 2010] - Cleveland Environment, Tim Kovac - "Burn on, big river"
- "Forty five years ago today, the Cuyahoga River caught fire (for the 13th time). While this was nowhere near the largest or most substantial of those dozen fires, it did prove to be the most significant historically. The attention the fire gained combined with other significant environmental disasters – including the 1969 San Bernandino oil spill – to help catalyze action. "
- - 1514 - [January 26, 2015] - Sicangu Scribe, Damon Buckley, Communications Director, Rosebud Sioux Tribe - "The Reality of Living Near A “Man Camp”"
- "Grace Her Many Horses has dedicated many years of her life to law enforcement. After this article was published she was removed from her position at Rosebud and has since returned to work on the Fort Berthold Reservation.
Former Rosebud Sioux Tribe Police Chief Grace Her Many Horses took a temporary job working in the Bakken Region near Newtown, North Dakota. This Bakken Basin stretches from Montana to North Dakota and it is rich in shale oil supplies. She began work in June of last year until October of the same year. It was her first experience with Man Camps. She seen them before while driving past on the way to pow-wows but this was going to be the very first time she would enter the premises and work the area as a law enforcement officer. This seasoned professional would be in for a rude surprise."
- - 1801 - [November 21, 2012] - Malaga Bay, NA - "The Hubbert Inheritance"
- "The Settled Science of geology incorporates the quaint notion that the Earth’s petroleum deposits were formed via the “anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms”.
Western mainstream petroleum geologists accordingly classify petroleum as a “fossil fuel” [aka decomposed dinosaur detritus] because these “dead organisms” are “typically” believed to have been “buried” millions of years ago."
- - 2026 - [April 22, 2015] - Earth Island Journal, Adam Federman - "To Drill or Not to Drill"
- "When Joyce Stone and her husband moved to Dimock, Pennsylvania 34 years ago, they found themselves in the middle of what would be the first of many environmental battles. It was not long after the oil shock of 1973 and there were plans to build a massive energy park in nearby Ararat consisting of ten nuclear and ten coal-fired power plants."