Garrett County and Natural Gas - Risks and Benefits

A selection of categorized links to allow one to assess the risks and benefits of gas development in Garrett Conty.

Garrett County Montage

Opinion

Articles that are largely an opinion, and hence not supported by data, but which reflect some interesting aspects and thinking

- 1057 - [January 17, 2015] - MetroNews - The Voice of West Virgnia, Aaaron Payne - "Groups opposed to natural gas pipeline projects hold informational meeting in Lewis County"
"JACKSON’S MILL, W. Va. – With multiple projects to construct natural gas pipelines through West Virginia in the planning and evaluation stages, several groups opposed to their construction played host to an informational meeting Saturday in Lewis County.
On Saturday at Jackson’s Mill, the groups discussed the Mountain Valley Pipeline, the Atlantic Coast Pipeline and the Rover Pipeline –all of which are in the pre-application period with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in charge off their approval– as well as the Appalachian Connector, which is still in the conceptual stages."
- 1059 - [January 18, 2015] - Marcellus.com, Associated Press - "Fracking debate may be on way to Kentucky"
"The Lexington Herald-Leader reports there’s been increased interest among oil and gas companies in areas of eastern and central Kentucky. Local officials told the newspaper that companies have signed hundreds of new oil and gas leases with property owners over the last year.
Studies by Kentucky Geological Survey and others show there could be significant pocket of oil and gas in the Rogersville shale and that’s what the companies have interest in.
Andrew V. McNeill, head of the Kentucky Oil and Gas Association, which is an industry group, says the leasing companies are locking up acreage, but that doesn’t mean all of it will be drilled. He said the price of oil will play a major role in whether companies risk drilling in the Rogersville shale.
“We want to protect a way of life and the natural environment as much as possible,” said Phillip Gilbert, who lives on a 250-acre farm in northern Rockcastle County that’s been in his family for over 100 years."
- 1060 - [January 17, 2015] - Cleveland.com, Tom Feran (The Plain Dealer) - "EPA sets hearing on proposed Ashtabula refinery's application to discharge in lake"
"The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency will hold a public hearing Thursday on an application from Ashtabula Energy to discharge treated wastewater into Lake Erie.
Ashtabula Energy, a division of the British company Velocys, wants to build a $200 million plant to convert natural gas to diesel fuel and other products. If approved, the discharge permit would allow 1.6 million gallons of wastewater per day to be pumped into the lake.
The discharge water "is expected to have minimal impact on the water quality of the lake," according to the Ohio EPA. It would consist of non-contact cooling water, water treatment plant residuals, sanitary wastewater and process waste streams, the agency said."
- 1068 - [January 19, 2015] - ClimateHoward, NA - "fracking snake oil for marylanders"
"We have until Feb. 9 to tell the state’s Department of the Environment (MDE) what we think of proposed regulations for fracking in Maryland. And we have only to look at the “assumptions” listed in the regulations to know they are little more than snake oil, offering no protections from this industry.
A state-commissioned economic study said it didn’t have enough evidence to calculate the harm to Western Maryland’s tourism business. But it said Garrett, in particular, “is considered one of the most diverse and fastest growing counties in the Appalachian region,” with tourism and demand for second homes a key part of that growth (p. 77-78)."
- 1069 - [December 18, 2014] - Blue Moon Rising, Blue Moon Rising - "NY STATE BANS FRACKING, WHY IT MATTERS TO GARRETT COUNTY MARYLAND!"
"As proprietors of Blue Moon Rising, Deep Creek Lake’s only eco-friendly vacation community, we have been paying very close attention to the fracking debate here in Maryland. While industry experts and local legislators continue to perpetuate false informational campaigns about the economic benefits and supposed safety of the practice, real science has prevailed in New York and should do so here in Maryland. While we have been publicly silent to this point, that time has ended. Our business, the livelihoods of our employees and their families, and the sanctity of our precious fresh air and clean water require a fight … we will not be silent any longer."
- 1070 - [September 29, 2014] - ClimateHoward, ClimateHoward - "scientists call for 10-year wait on fracking"
"A group of public health experts and other scientists meeting in Baltimore this month have called for a 10-year moratorium on fracking in Maryland.
And if surrounding states continue experimenting on their people, animals, land, air and water, then Western Maryland counties should serve as the control group, the experts suggested, with research scientists based in Garrett and Allegany."
- 1072 - [November 24, 2014] - ClimateHoward, ClimateHoward - "the fracking rebellion"
"In Western Maryland last week, the Marcellus Shale advisory commission and state officials scrambled to finish reviewing three years of studies on whether to proceed with fracking in Maryland.
The election the night before, though, shifted the landscape utterly. The few commissioners who have consistently raised concerns about fracking in Maryland recognized that whatever safeguards were in the works, insufficient though they might be, could be dismissed by the newly elected governor, Republican Larry Hogan. What the science was starting to show about the health, economic and environmental hazards for the many could be ignored for quick profit for a few."
- 1080 - [January 19, 2015] - The New York Times, The Editorial Board - "A Modest Move on Methane"
"There is much to like in the Obama administration’s proposal, announced last Wednesday, to reduce harmful methane emissions from oil and gas drilling. The proposal — which calls for detailed rules to be unveiled in early summer — is the first federal effort to directly regulate methane, the main component of natural gas and a major contributor to climate change. The regulations will apply to all new oil and gas wells, and be national in scope, thus setting minimum standards for what is now a patchwork quilt of state laws.
They will make a dent in the billions of cubic feet of gas that now escape unchecked into the atmosphere. But only a dent....over the next five years, 90 percent of methane emissions are expected to come from existing oil and gas operations.
Though inadequate, the new plan is a welcome and necessary step toward that goal."
- 1100 - [January 22, 2015] - Post-Gazette.com, Janice Crompton / Pittsburgh Post Gazette - "Washington County residents speak against gas drilling"
"Gas well drilling companies can't be counted on to follow the raft of ordinance changes being proposed in Peters, claim a group of Washington County residents who imparted what they said were their experiences with Marcellus Shale drilling to council Monday."
- 1145 - [May 15, 2014] - Wiley Online Library, Robert W. Howarth - "A bridge to nowhere: methane emissions and the greenhouse gas footprint of natural gas"
"In April 2011, we published the first peer-reviewed analysis of the greenhouse gas footprint (GHG) of shale gas, concluding that the climate impact of shale gas may be worse than that of other fossil fuels such as coal and oil because of methane emissions. We noted the poor quality of publicly available data to support our analysis and called for further research. Our paper spurred a large increase in research and analysis, including several new studies that have better measured methane emissions from natural gas systems. Here, I review this new research in the context of our 2011 paper and the fifth assessment from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released in 2013. The best data available now indicate that our estimates of methane emission from both shale gas and conventional natural gas were relatively robust. Using these new, best available data and a 20-year time period for comparing the warming potential of methane to carbon dioxide, the conclusion stands that both shale gas and conventional natural gas have a larger GHG than do coal or oil, for any possible use of natural gas and particularly for the primary uses of residential and commercial heating. The 20-year time period is appropriate because of the urgent need to reduce methane emissions over the coming 15–35 years"
- 1146 - [January 12, 2015] - CCAN - Cheasapeake Climate Action Network, Cheasapeake Climate Action Network - "PROTECT MARYLANDERS FROM FRACKING"
"The clock is ticking: The gas industry is targeting Maryland as the next place to bring dangerous fracking. An executive order issued by Governor Martin O’Malley in 2011 put a moratorium on issuing drilling permits. But a recent state study suggested that fracking could move forward if a range of protective measures are implemented. With incoming Governor-elect Larry Hogan pledging support for fracking, CCAN is leading the charge for new legislation in 2015 that will maintain Maryland’s moratorium.
Any move toward allowing hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” for gas in Maryland would leave our communities vulnerable to the widespread harm already linked to drilling in neighboring states – including contaminated drinking water, air pollution, earthquakes, adverse health impacts, and worsening climate change."
- 1150 - [January 24, 2015] - Baltimore Sun, Charles Huber, Westminster - "Western Md. faces fracking threat"
"The recent article about fracking in Western Maryland seemed to me to raise more arguments for not drilling for natural gas in Garrett County than for it ("Fracking debate intensifies in Western Maryland, those benefits would be relatively short-term since "Western Maryland's gas reserves are limited."
Garrett County has far more to lose than it has to gain. While the article stated the potential of 2,425 jobs and $10 million a year in severance taxes, it also states the tourism industry supports nearly 1,900 jobs, generates nearly $300 million in tourism spending and second-home purchases. Vacation home taxes amount to more than $24 million. Mike Evans, the owner of Savage River Outfitters, was quoted as saying that if fracking is allowed in Garrett County, he would close up shop and move his business. "
- 1154 - [September 20, 2012] - Shale Gas Outrage, Iris Marie Bloom and Tracy Carluccio - "Why Shale Gas Outrage Filled Philadelphia Streets"
"People from throughout Pennsylvania and the shale regions of neighboring New York, Ohio, West Virginia and beyond, along with down-streamers from Maryland and Delaware, joined together to protest the Marcellus Shale Coalition’s industry convention in downtown Philadelphia today, making a unified statement to “Stop Fracking Now.”
A boisterous march through Philadelphia streets followed the high-energy rally. Marchers stopped at four locations to bring the message of Stop Fracking Now. At President Barack Obama’s election campaign headquarters, marchers demanded “Not One More Drop” be withdrawn from the Susquehanna River for fracking; President Obama votes, through the Army Corps of Engineers, on the Susquehanna and Delaware River Basin Commissions."
- 1155 - [2015] - HALE INSIGHT, HALE INSIGHT - "HALE INSIGHT"
"SHALE INSIGHT 2015 entitles you to a front-row seat for the most important discussions on shale development, featuring some of the most prominent industry and government leaders. Attendees will network with the most influential industry executives and innovative thought leaders through three days of pre-conference workshops, technical and public affairs insight sessions, major keynote addresses, and a dynamic exhibit hall featuring all the major shale players."
- 1186 - [January 10,2013] - Fracking Research and New Brunswick, Canada, Carla Gunn - "Fracking in New Brunswick: What We Should Know"
"Nearly every time a research study is published supporting the negative and detrimental effects of this industry, industry-funded sites respond by recruiting someone who appears to have the credentials to ‘debunk’ the study. Usually the tactic is to attack the study using a five-pronged strategy 1) take issue with some aspect of the study’s methodology 2) question the expertise of the researcher, 3) question the credibility of the journal, 4) categorize the research as “an advocacy piece” and 5) use a lot of “semantic slanting” (e.g. headline: Cornell Veterinarians Go Into “Beast Mode” on Shale)."
- 1189 - [AUGUST 20, 2012] - No Fracking Way, DORY HIPPAUF - "Energy-in-Depth (EID) “GAS”roots – 1"
"Note: This is a series focusing on Energy-in-Depth (EID) and will be presented over the next few days. The topic of EID and its “dots” is quite a tangled picture. I hope, by presenting this in parts, it will avoid sending you, the reader, screaming from the room. "
- 1197 - [January 27,2015] - The Baltimore Sun, Paul Roberts and Annie Bristow - "No known regulations or “best practices” make fracking safe"
"It was gratifying to see fellow members of Gov. Martin O'Malley's commission on hydraulic fracturing, Harry Weiss and Jeff Kupfer, take the time to explain their views on the former governor's proposals for new gas-drilling regulations. Trying to safeguard the public with rules last updated in 1993 — or anything less that Gov. Larry Hogan may propose — would be a terrible mistake.
The commission's only two attorneys focused on serious engineering and financial concerns. Details were sparse, however, regarding public health protections. We see this as reflecting a process marred in two ways: scientific rigor for the "best management practices" that underpin the new regulations was inadequate, and among 15 commissioners, only one served in an official capacity as a public health professional — and he wasn't appointed until two-thirds of the way through the study period."
- 1218 - [February 2, 2015] - New York Times, MARTIN O’MALLEY - "Don’t Drill Along the East Coast"
"THE Obama administration’s whiplash decision last week to allow oil and gas companies to drill along a wide area of the Atlantic Coast is a big mistake.
The facts support a ban on offshore drilling not only in the wilds of Alaska — as the administration has announced — but also along our densely populated, economically vibrant and environmentally diverse Eastern Seaboard.
The BP Deepwater Horizon disaster should remind us that the benefits of drilling do not outweigh the threat to local economies, public health and the environment when an inevitable spill occurs. The spill, occurring off the Louisiana coast less than five years ago, devastated the Gulf of Mexico region — most likely costing over $100 billion in lost economic activity and restoration expenses, disrupting or destroying hundreds of thousands of jobs and causing long-term damage to 3,000 miles of fragile wetlands and beaches."
- 1250 - [January 22, 2015] - IEEE Spectrum, Vaclav Smil - "It’s Too Soon to Judge Shale Gas - Its effect on energy economics is huge, but will it last?"
"Shale gas—that is, natural gas from shale deposits—may seem at first glance a huge, indisputable success for the United States. In 2007 it accounted for just 8 percent of the gas extracted; by 2013 its share had risen to nearly 40 percent. As a result, in 2009 the United States became the world’s largest producer of this, the cleanest of all fossil fuels. This surge has led to two far-reaching decouplings of price: between those of natural gas and crude oil, and between those of natural gas in North America and in Eurasia"
- 1260 - [NA] - Don't Frack Maryland, Don't Frack Maryland - "Fracking isn't safe, and scientists know it."
"Fracking, short for high-volume hydraulic fracturing, is an unconventional and risky process of pumping millions of gallons of water – mixed with sand and hundreds of known and unknown toxic chemicals – at high pressure deep, underground to break apart shale rock deposits to extract gas and oil. Drilling and fracking have led to widespread reports of groundwater contamination, surface water contamination, significant air quality problems, public health concerns, economic losses to communities, earthquake activity and a host of other problems across the country."
- 1262 - [January 17th, 2015] - DC Bureau, Peter Mantius - "Maryland Politics Trumps Science on Fracking"
"Two ambitious Democratic governors in the East faced the same tough choice late last year on whether to allow energy companies to extract natural gas from shale formations through high-volume hydrofracking. One said yes. The other said no.
Neither state has much natural gas to tap at current market prices. Even so, the decisions by Gov. Martin O’Malley of Maryland and Gov. Andrew Cuomo of New York have national implications because they sat in judgment of the importance of the latest independent science. While environmental and medical experts were pointing to dozens of new peer-reviewed studies showing explicit health and safety risks, the energy industry was clinging to its assertions that all fracking risks are manageable."
- 1267 - [February 5, 2015] - NaturalGasNOW.org, S. Dennis Holbrook - "New York’s Neanderthal Position on Fossil Fuels"
"New York State wants all the benefits of fossil fuels without allowing for their development. It’s a positively Neanderthal position.
New Yorkers are accustomed to paying higher gasoline prices than almost anywhere in the country due in large part to our high tax structure. It is, therefore, all the more infuriating when we in Western New York have the distinction of being the gold standard within an already high-cost state (10 percent higher than Syracuse).
There are many explanations, including a lack of sufficient retail competition and being at the end of a pipeline bringing gas from out of state. There is no local supply, due to the elimination of the former Mobil and Ashland refineries. Environmental activists who oppose the use of fossil fuels applaud such closures and consider a rise in the cost a necessary and acceptable consequence in order to discourage their use."
- 1298 - [NA] - Oil Sans Fact Check, Oil Sans Fact Check - "Why Americans Say Yes to Keystone XL"
"Poll after poll has shown that Americans overwhelmingly want Keystone XL to be built and that support for the pipeline is “almost universal.” But that’s not surprising: as Senator Mary Landrieu (D-LA) put it, the “list of reasons to build [Keystone XL] is now nearly as long as the pipeline itself.”"
- 1301 - [April 20, 2012] - ExxonMobile Perspectives, Ken Cohen - "What you don’t know about shale gas may surprise you"
"You don’t have to look far these days to find news articles talking about how natural gas from shale is boosting domestic energy supplies, creating jobs and revitalizing energy-intensive U.S. industries such as manufacturing.
But some recent articles also shed light on some lesser-known aspects of this shale gas “revolution” – ones that may not be as obvious, but are just as important:
1. Today’s shale gas “revolution” actually was decades in the making.
2. The jobs being created aren’t just in the oil and gas industry.
3. States are the primary regulators of onshore oil and gas activities, including shale.
4. Shale gas can help reduce U.S. emissions."
- 1302 - [January 23, 2015] - ExxonMobile Perspectives, Ken Cohen - "Thanks, fracking"
"Everyone from President Obama at the State of the Union on down is celebrating the lowered energy prices brought about in large part by America’s abundant new supplies of oil and natural gas.
The average price of a gallon of gasoline has fallen by about a third compared to this time last year, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. In many parts of the country motorists are seeing gasoline priced well below $2 per gallon.
Gas_Prices_Graphic_01-2015For consumers, these savings – “more than $2 billion less a week on gas,” according to the Washington Post – are expected to provide a substantial stimulus to the U.S. economy.
That’s good news, but what is often lost in the celebration is a recognition of just what is behind this extraordinary development.
In a word? Fracking."
- 1310 - [February 5, 2015] - The Global Warming Policy Forum, Professor Paul Younger, The Times - "Paul Younger: Why Strangle The Golden Shale Goose?"
"Four fifths of Scottish households are utterly reliant on gas heating, and the remaining fifth are in the most extreme fuel poverty in Europe. Why would any country strangle at birth an industry that could provide a domestic source of gas — as opposed to increasing reliance on the largesse of Vladimir Putin?
Let me first declare two things: Firstly, I voted “yes” in the referendum. Secondly, I have no links at all with any shale gas fracking companies: I own no shares in them, have never held any positions with them and have no research funding from them. My experience and reputation as an engineering academic were hard-won in the battle to save the former coalfield areas of the UK from massive water pollution following the widespread abandonment of mines. No one works in collieries, as I did, without learning about the safety issues surrounding methane."
- 1311 - [February 4, 2015] - NoTricksZone, Fred F. Mueller - "The coming age of power cannibalism…Germany on the verge of committing energy suicide"
"German politicians see themselves as the saviors of our climate. In the early 1990s German politicians started the policies that ultimately culminated in the “Energiewende”, which aims to eliminate nuclear power generation and some 76% of the fossil fuel power generation. By 2050 some 80% of power generation should come from “renewable” green sources such as wind, solar, biomass, waste incineration and hydro. Since the volatile sources of wind and solar power will have to contribute the lion’s share, politicians reluctantly concede 20% of the energy coming from reliable fossil power sources."
- 1312 - [December 16, 2014] - Committee For A Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT), Marita Noon - "Germany’s “energy transformation:” unsustainable subsidies and an unstable system. Is avoiding shame worth the high cost of renewable energy?"
"Perhaps when Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel was a child, she attended a party and was the only one who came without a present, or she was wearing inappropriate attire—and the embarrassment she felt haunts her to this day. That’s how psychodynamic psychology (Freud) might explain her December 3 decision to spend more money on Germany’s failing energy experiment to avoid, as Reuters puts it: “the embarrassment of missing her government’s goal of a 40% reduction of emissions by 2020.”"
- 1316 - [FEBRUARY 3, 2015] - National Review Online, Tom Rogan - Daily Telegraph - "Russia’s War on Fracking"
"Threatened by low oil prices, Putin is covertly supporting anti-frackers and spreading propaganda.
As a senior archivist for the KGB’s foreign-intelligence directorate, Vasili Mitrokhin had access to a treasure trove of information. He unveiled those secrets after defecting to Britain in 1992.
Today, Russia is waging another active-measures campaign. But this time Russia’s target is fracking. The facts are clear. Fracking, which is revolutionizing energy politics, offers a cheap, new source of global power. But that’s not all. In offering Europe independence from Russian energy exports, fracking poses a direct challenge to Russia. Because Putin depends for revenue on his oil and natural gas-exports, fracking’s cheaper alternative presents him with a big problem. Indeed, lower oil prices are already driving Russia’s economy into recession."
- 1317 - [February 5, 2015] - Bishop Hill, Bishop Hill - "The sheep in Wales"
"With the Scottish Government having made its absurd - if understandable - decision to put a moratorium on shale gas developments, lawmakers in Cardiff have noted the benefits to their own careers and have followed suit."
- 1333 - [February 11, 2015] - WNEP16 The News Station, Stacy Lange - "Bringing Energy Careers to the Classroom"
"Marcellus Shale sits more than 5,000 feet below Valley View High School in Archbald, but on ground level, junior students had a chance to pick some up and learn about what it does in natural gas production.
They also learned about electricity and water use and about how it’s wasted. That lesson really resonated with some students like Kylee Bushta.
“Many interesting things about how energy is transported here, and the way we can renew and not waste it,” Bushta said.
The students learned from eight different speakers at the Junior Achievement program about energy. The presenters were from the big wigs in the energy world. Teachers hope the lessons about the natural gas industry would stick with some students in particular."
- 1334 - [February 12, 2015] - The Columbus Dispatch, Editorial - "Shale drillers should pay - Governor’s severance-tax plan is fair for industry and for taxpayers"
"Oil and gas drillers know a good thing when they see it, and that’s why they want Ohio’s low severance tax on drilling to remain just as it is so that they can maximize their profit for extracting Ohio’s irreplaceable natural resources.
But it’s a raw deal for Ohio’s taxpayers, so legislators should get on board with Gov. John Kasich’s proposed increase in the severance-tax rate. It’s a reasonable rate that would leave plenty of room for drillers to profit while giving Ohioans their fair share."
- 1335 - [February 10, 2015] - Marshall Stacy, PR, Bill Bishoff - "Farmers, businesses and labor unite to advocate for property rights and energy development"
"A new coalition of farmers, property owners, businesses and labor organizations in Garrett and Allegany Counties has organized to advocate for safe shale gas drilling in western Maryland and to moderate the most extreme aspects of oil and gas regulations, proposed last month by Maryland’s Department of the Environment.
“We strongly support putting these regulations on hold until the new administration has a chance to review them,” said Bill Bishoff, Energy and Property Rights Coalition president. “Plus, Senator George Edwards and Delegate Wendell Beitzel need our help in informing Maryland lawmakers that many western Maryland citizens don’t support these proposed regulations.” Bishoff and the coalition’s board of directors hope a new “call to action” to some 1400 property owners will finally enable the region’s “silent majority” to speak out and be heard."
- 1372 - [February 14, 2015] - yorkDispatch News, NA - "EDITORIAL: A natural gas drilling tax is fair, sensible"
"If Republican state lawmakers do not pass a severance tax on natural gas drillers, they'll be bucking the wishes of a solid majority of Pennsylvanians.
And they won't have a recalcitrant governor to blame this time around.
During Tom Corbett's first and only term, the natural gas industry boomed in Pennsylvania, yet he stubbornly rejected calls — even from within his own GOP — for a fair severance tax on companies drilling in the Marcellus Shale formation."
- 1402 - [January 30, 2015] - EarthWorks, NA - "Deborah Rogers"
"Deborah lives in Fort Worth where industry claims the gas is dry so the emissions are less harmful.
Chesapeake began drilling near Deborah's home in April 2010. She reported egregious odors to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) hotline but the response time was unsatisfactory."
- 1496 - [August 22, 2014] - Cumberland Times-News, NA - "They talk about the quality of life, but don:t mention fracking"
"In 2010 a study was completed that involved the interview of over 2,500 visitors. This comprehensive study was implemented by the Garrett Chamber of Commerce and County Commissioners at a cost to taxpayers of over $60,000.
The conclusions of the study (available from the Western Maryland Planning Department) are quite clear. One was that many visitors would love to move here for the outstanding outdoor environment and recreation lifestyle.
Another fact learned was that over 80 percent decided to come here in part because of the state forests and parks and not just the lake. It was also noted that numerous visitors expressed serious concern that the area was getting over developed."
- 1498 - [March 16, 2015] - Silver Chips Online, Robert Pfefferle - "Fracking in Maryland needs to be stopped before it begins"
"Well it looks as if hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is going to make its debut in Maryland in the near future. After conducting a three-year long study concerning the potential effects of fracking on Maryland, former governor Martin O'Malley declared the state fit to frack just before leaving office. His successor Larry Hogan has also expressed his desire to start drilling in the very near future. While fracking might create short-term jobs and tax revenues, Maryland needs to realize the costs will far outweigh the benefits. Fracking will only destroy the state's environment and worsen its already outdated infrastructure.
The process of fracking involves drilling about a mile and a half into the ground, injecting water into the well created by the drill in order to crack the shale bedrock and extract the gas within it. It's a process that threatens the environment above and below the ground.
The biggest danger inherent in the fracking process is the possibility of leakages in the pipes, which would cause gas to seep into shallow rock layers and private wells, creating the possibility of it ending up in peoples' faucets. When the contaminated water arrives at the tap, it becomes flammable."
- 1514 - [January 26, 2015] - Sicangu Scribe, Damon Buckley, Communications Director, Rosebud Sioux Tribe - "The Reality of Living Near A “Man Camp”"
"Grace Her Many Horses has dedicated many years of her life to law enforcement. After this article was published she was removed from her position at Rosebud and has since returned to work on the Fort Berthold Reservation.
Former Rosebud Sioux Tribe Police Chief Grace Her Many Horses took a temporary job working in the Bakken Region near Newtown, North Dakota. This Bakken Basin stretches from Montana to North Dakota and it is rich in shale oil supplies. She began work in June of last year until October of the same year. It was her first experience with Man Camps. She seen them before while driving past on the way to pow-wows but this was going to be the very first time she would enter the premises and work the area as a law enforcement officer. This seasoned professional would be in for a rude surprise."
- 1525 - [July 13, 2012] - EcoWatch - Transforming Green, Walker Foley, Food & Water Watch - "Fighting Fracking: Calvin Tillman Shares His Story of Standing Up to the Fossil Fuel Industry"
"Since I joined the fight to end fracking three years ago, I’ve had the privilege of meeting so many inspiring people across the U.S. fighting the oil and gas industry in their communities. Most recently, I met Calvin Tillman, Mayor Emeritus of DISH, Texas, who visited Southern California on a speaking tour of Carson, Brea and La Habra Heights. Each city is engaged in its own, unique struggle against Big Oil, but Tillman’s story of standing up to the industry hit home for residents of each of these communities."
- 1527 - [February 17, 2015] - Park Record... Opinion, Seth Borenstein AP Science Writer - "Study: Oklahoma's daily small quakes raise risk of big ones"
"Small earthquakes shaking Oklahoma and southern Kansas daily and linked to energy drilling are dramatically increasing the chance of bigger and dangerous quakes, federal research indicates.
This once stable region is now just as likely to see serious damaging and potentially harmful earthquakes as the highest risk places east of the Rockies such as New Madrid, Missouri, and Charleston, South Carolina, which had major quakes in the past two centuries.
Still it's a low risk, about a 1 in 2,500 years' chance of happening, according to geophysicist William Ellsworth of the U.S. Geological Survey."
- 1534 - [2013] - The Roanoke Times - roanoke.com, Marge Lewter, DVM - "Letter: A witness to the destruction that Marcellus shale can bring"
"The land was once rolling farmland as far as the eye could see, dotted with cows happily grazing. Small communities marked only by a church and a school were common. Kids grew up to become teachers and dairymen. The economy was tight but folks got along.
Suddenly, the news was all about Marcellus shale, and the ”Saudi Arabia of the East.” Gas companies came door to door and offered families large sums of money for gas leases. Some saw it as a way out of debt. Some saw it as a boon to the rural economy. A few saw a looming giant."
- 1580 - [March 19, 2015] - Appalachian Chronicle, Michael M. Barrick - "Natural Gas Industry Moves from the Absurd to the Profane"
"Executive Director Corky DeMarco of the West Virginia Oil and Natural Gas Association (WVONGA) said here last evening that it is not God’s will that West Virginians be farmers. Instead, he said, it is God’s will that the natural gas industry extract all it can out of the Marcellus shale.
He said this at the last of several public scoping meetings being held by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to consider the environmental impact of the proposed Atlantic Coast Pipeline (ACP)."
- 1587 - [March 25, 2015] - EnergyInDepth - Marcellus, Joe Massaro - "Anti-Fracking Groups Spread Misinformation in Maryland"
"Earlier this week, a number of anti-fracking groups led by Food & Water Watch and a handful of business owners staged a protest in Annapolis, Md. to deliver signed petitions to legislators calling for a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing in the state. Judging from the tweets during the event, it seems that none of the speakers have ever visited Pennsylvania, where shale development has been taking place safely for over a decade."
- 1622 - [May 4, 2014] - World News Today - Information Clearinghouse, Kevin Zeese and Margaret Flowers - "US Climate Bomb is Ticking: What the Gas Industry Doesn't Want You to Know"
""Truthout' - James Hansen's eye-opening article, "Game Over for the Climate," brought widespread attention to the Alberta Tar Sands in Canada as a source of carbon which, if tapped, would lead to irreversible global warming. There is another climate bomb in the United States, shale gas hydraulic fracking, which emits methane, more dangerous than CO2. While many rhetorically call natural gas a bridge to the clean energy future, new information is showing the opposite; natural gas will hasten climate change, poisons the air, land and water, and carries unacceptable risks to our health."
- 1668 - [April 17, 2014] - UTNE, Kim Sorvig, from Landscape Architecture Magazine - "Pennsylvania Fracking: Welcome to Frackville"
"Five and a half years ago, I learned we might lose our home to oil drilling. Strangers could suddenly be in control of our land, scraping, drilling, fracturing bedrock, leaving the wastes—with no legal responsibility to us. What would happen to the local economy, to services everyone takes for granted, in the Wild West atmosphere of an oil or gas “play,” when boomtown populations double overnight? So began my forced education about petroleum engineering. "
- 1782 - [April 28, 2015] - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Barbara Sims - "Frackers talk a good game in TV ads, but let's look at reality"
"As I listen to and watch the advertisements on the radio and television promoting the shale gas industry, I wonder why we can’t have an honest conversation about fracking...."
- 1787 - [April 28, 2015] - The Prince George Citizen, Samantha WRIGHT ALLEN / Prince George Citizen - "Expert gasses LNG myths"
"An energy expert is in town to talk myths that mess with our understanding of the natural gas industry.
"The myth of evergrowing cheap gas from shale is the big one," said David Hughes, a geoscientist and president of Global Sustainability Research Inc.
Hughes is speaking at the annual lecture for UNBC's Natural Resources & Environmental Studies on Thursday night.
"The myth is that production will go up in a linear manner and keep going up."
Not so, according to his research into the major shale and unconventional gas sites in the U.S.
After the first three years, the well production typically declines by about 70 per cent and similar numbers should be expected in Canada."
- 1862 - [May 12, 2015] - Roll Call, Special to Roll Call - "As Ocean Drilling Expands, Obama Administration Turns Blind Eye to Offshore Fracking | Commentary"
"America’s coastal communities got some disturbing news recently when Interior Secretary Sally Jewell pledged to open “vast areas” of the ocean to oil drilling.
Under the shadow of the anniversary of the deadly Deepwater Horizon disaster, the Obama administration is moving quickly to greenlight oil and gas exploration in dangerously unpredictable Arctic waters and off the Atlantic coast, where an oil spill could devastate coastal economies"
- 1902 - [May 18, 2015] - philly.com, David Spigelmyer | president of the Marcellus Shale Coalition - "Don't derail natural-gas boom"
"As Memorial Day kicks off the "summer driving season," families across the region and the nation will be hitting the road. This year, thankfully, consumers are paying less at the pump while realizing significant energy-related savings - from home heating to electricity bills - due to responsible shale development. And in today's economy, every bit of savings counts."
- 1905 - [May 26, 2015] - telegram.com, Wocester, Massachusetts, Jack Healy - "As I See It: Meeting our energy needs"
" The May 10, 2015 editorial “Power Surge” provided an excellent expose on how certain industries, like manufacturing, are seeing their futures threatened by the cost of energy in Massachusetts.
As our economy has begun to rebound, it is critical that we understand the role that energy costs play in assuring that businesses, especially in manufacturing, are competitive and successful. Manufacturing in this country began in New England and the Northeast. It has provided good jobs and wages that have allowed families to prosper. If manufacturing is to remain a feature of our economy, it is critical that our region has access to reliable and affordable energy. "
- 1906 - [May 26, 2015] - Marcellus.com, Andrew Barksdale | The Fayetteville Observer, N.C. - "Documentary 'Fracking Stories' screened at Cameo"
"A collection of short documentaries describing the dangers of hydraulic fracturing was screened Saturday in downtown Fayetteville.
The true stories were told by residents in states where oil and natural gas are being extracted from deep below the earth through a controversial process commonly referred to as “fracking.”"
- 1907 - [May 26, 2015] - EarthJustice, Keith Rushing - "Big Oil: Masters of Deception and Inhumanity"
"Last week, the American Petroleum Institute—the primary lobbying group for the oil and gas industry—hit a new low in its use of deceptive advertising.
The lobbyists launched a huge advertising campaign throughout the country aimed at stopping the EPA from doing its job, which is protecting the public from unsafe levels of pollution."
- 1926 - [May 6, 2015] - HuffPost Green, Lynne Peeples - "Fracking Industry Distorts Science To Deceive Public And Policymakers, Says Watchdog Group"
"The oil and gas industry sponsors and spins research to shape the scientific debate over horizontal hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. That's the conclusion of a watchdog group's analysis of more than 130 documents distributed to policymakers by industry representatives."
- 1932 - [May 25, 2015] - Casper Star Tribune OnLine, Benjamin Storrow - "Pavillion: The town a fracking controversy destroyed"
"Tex and Dale Frazier try to stay out of the controversy that has plagued this community for the past decade. The couple opened the Lucky Duck, a diner, in October. In a town of roughly 230 people, they can scarcely afford to alienate any neighbors."
- 1936 - [May 8, 2015] - Nation of Change, Wenonah Hauter | EcoWatch | News Report - "Never Say Never: Maryland Fracking Moratorium Becomes Law"
"“You’ll never get a fracking moratorium through the Maryland Legislature” was the common refrain I heard as we at Food & Water Watch joined with more than 100 groups from throughout the state to work on preventing fracking in Maryland. But we didn’t let that stop us. And today, thanks to the tireless efforts of business owners, health professionals, activists and countless concerned Maryland residents, we proved those naysayers wrong."
- 1937 - [April 26, 2015] - EarthJustice, Keith Rushing - "Big Oil: Masters of Deception and Inhumanity"
"Last week, the American Petroleum Institute—the primary lobbying group for the oil and gas industry—hit a new low in its use of deceptive advertising.
The lobbyists launched a huge advertising campaign throughout the country aimed at stopping the EPA from doing its job, which is protecting the public from unsafe levels of pollution."
- 1941 - [NA] - CleanTechnica, Tina Casey - "All You Need To Know About The EPA Fracking Report: "Significant Data Gap For Hazard Identification""
"Ohfergawdsakes. For all the squawking that’s going on about the new EPA fracking report, you’d think that that the agency has traded in its law enforcement hat for a ride on the Welcome Wagon. Well, we think not, for a couple of reasons which we’ll get to in a minute. Before we get to that, let’s note up front that the EPA fracking report — yes, the one that came out last week — is not actually a final statement of agency policy, let alone a road map for the Obama Administration’s energy policy."
- 1948 - [August 2012] - EcoWatch, Denise Robbins - "Here's What Most Media Outlets Left Out of Their Reporting on EPA Fracking Study"
"Many major media outlets reported that a new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) study found no evidence that hydraulic fracturing (aka “fracking“) has had “widespread” impacts on Americans’ drinking water, but did not mention the EPA’s explanation for why the study doesn’t necessarily indicate “a rarity of effects on drinking water resources.” "
- 1958 - [June 11, 2015] - FrackCheck WV, S. Tom Bond - "Preparing in 2015 for 2017: Fracking Lessons for the Next Two Years"
"The year 2014 was a tumultuous year along the Beartooth Front. It began with our communities reeling from an announcement by Energy Corporation of America that the company planned to bring “a little bit of the Bakken” here, a quick drilling permit granted in Belfry with no public input and a lawsuit against the Board of Oil and Gas Conservation."
- 1959 - [June 11, 2015] - Preserve the Beartooth Front, David Katz - "Oil and gas: 10 lessons for 2015"
"...Along the way residents of Carbon and Stillwater counties have educated themselves, joined together, and made significant progress in assuring that if oil and gas drilling occurs along the Beartooth Front, it will be done in a way that protects the long-term viability of our community."
- 1979 - [March 8, 2015] - Heartland Institute Newsletters, H. Sterling Burnett - "Oklahoma, Maryland, Fracking Policies Diverge"
"In late May, the Oklahoma and Maryland state legislatures charted difference courses for energy oil and gas development in their respective states"
- 1992 - [NA] - Business Insider, Robert Johnson - "Fracking Insiders Admit To Employing Military 'Psychological Operations' On American Citizens"
"Fracking is a contentious business. The process of injecting chemicals at high-pressure into the earth to pull out gas and oil has prompted as many reports condemning it as there are declaring it safe.
...In the following recording, given to CNBC, one presenter tells the crowd to download a copy of the Army's counterinsurgency manual. "Because," he said, the movement opposing the industry is an "insurgency.""
- 2013 - [NA] - Los Angeles Times, Hal Harvey - "Natural gas: Cheap, clean and risky"
"Political leaders from both parties argue that natural gas could save our economy, the environment and promote our national security. Is this so? Or is it just a dream?
It turns out that the way one develops natural gas will determine whether it is a serious help to our energy and climate problems, or a dangerous extension of bad habits."
- 2016 - [June 6, 2015] - FactCheck.org, FactCheck - "Clearing Up Claims on EPA Fracking Study"
"The Environmental Protection Agency released the draft of a long-awaited study on the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing — fracking — for natural gas on drinking water, and individuals on both sides of the debate have misrepresented the study’s findings:..."
- 2026 - [April 22, 2015] - Earth Island Journal, Adam Federman - "To Drill or Not to Drill"
"When Joyce Stone and her husband moved to Dimock, Pennsylvania 34 years ago, they found themselves in the middle of what would be the first of many environmental battles. It was not long after the oil shock of 1973 and there were plans to build a massive energy park in nearby Ararat consisting of ten nuclear and ten coal-fired power plants."