Garrett County and Natural Gas - Risks and Benefits

A selection of categorized links to allow one to assess the risks and benefits of gas development in Garrett Conty.

Garrett County Montage

Geology

Links the show the importance of the type of geology that is required to produce the shales that carry gas that can be developed.

- 1240 - [NA] - Maryland Geological Survey (MGS), Maryland Geological Survey (MGS) - "Is there a natural gas boom in Maryland’s future?"
"Since roughly mid-2006, Garrett and Allegany Counties have been receiving considerable interest by energy companies as a possible source of natural gas from a geologic formation known as the Marcellus Shale. The Marcellus Shale has long been known as an organic-rich shale in the Appalachians, occurring at the surface and in the subsurface from New York to eastern Tennessee. However, the Marcellus had never been a target for gas exploration because it was not economical for the companies involved.That is about to change, as drilling techniques developed in the past ten years are being used in the Marcellus in Pennsylvania (and to a lesser extent in West Virginia) and will soon be used in New York and Maryland."
- 1359 - [NA] - Southampton University, Ian West - "Petroleum Geology of the South of England"
"Introduction - Geology of the Wessex Coast of Southern England.A very interesting site that gives lots of information about the interpretation of the local geology. "
- 1384 - [January 17, 2015] - Maryland Geological Survey, Maryland Geological Survey - "Geologic Map of Garrett, Allegany and western Washington Counties"
"The Oriskany Sandstone is the main deep gas reservoir in western Maryland. Appalachian gas drillers have long suspected that the dark gray to black shale, known as the Marcellus Shale, that overlies the Oriskany was the likely source for the gas within this prolifically productive sandstone. The Marcellus was considered “tight” or unproductive as a potential gas reservoir, but recent innovations in gas well drilling and stimulation have changed that long-held paradigm. In 2003 Range Resources was the first company to prove that the tight shales of the Marcellus could produce economical amounts of gas if drilled and stimulated unconventionally."
- 1385 - [NA] - MGS - ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT NO. 14-02-01, David W. Bolton and Minh Phung T. Pham - "DISSOLVED-METHANE CONCENTRATIONS IN WELL WATER IN THE APPALACHIAN PLATEAU PHYSIOGRAPHIC PROVINCE OF MARYLAND"
"Methane in well water has been repo rted anecdotally over the years in the Appalachian Plateau of Maryland; however, no systematic study has been conducted regarding methane occurrence an d distribution. The potentia l development of natural gas reserves in the Marcellus Shale in western Ma ryland has raised concerns about whether these activities could resu lt in methane contamination of the wa ter-supply aquifers in the region. Well water is not routinely tested for meth ane in Maryland, since it does not have an established Primary or Secondary Maximum C ontaminant Level (MCL). Because of the concern over possible methane contamination of water wells resulting from Marcellus Shale gas-development activities, the Maryland Ge ological Survey (MGS) evaluated methane samples from 49 wells in 2012 and an additional 28 wells in 2013 in Garrett County and western Allegany County. The purpose of th is study was to measure ambient methane concentrations in water wells in the region, and to begin to gain an understanding of the occurrence and distribution of me thane in water wells. This report discusses the methane data collected in both years."
- 1550 - [March 17, 2015] - NA, Frank the Fracked - "elcome to my perspective on hydraulic fracking, or, as I like to call it, "How to Destroy the Earth's Fresh Water Supplies Without Anyone Finding Out""
"Welcome to this field lesson in hydraulic fracking (aka frac'ing or fracking): Today, we are observing Reprobate Energy of America, a gas company pursuing natural gas in the Rocky Mountains. The company has drilled the well bore, and has now brought in another subcontractor (Reprobate uses sub contractors all the time as a means of insulating themselves from accountability) - Schmucks-R-Us Frac Jobs. Let's watch how the process unfolds...."
- 1579 - [NA] - USGS, Edit by Leslie F. Ruppert and Robert T. Ryder - "Coal and Petroleum Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Distribution, Geologic Framework, and Geochemical Character"
"Fossil fuels from the Appalachian basin region have been major contributors to the Nation’s energy supplies over much of the last three centuries. Appalachian coal and petroleum resources are still available in sufficient quantities to contribute significantly to fulfilling the Nation’s energy needs. Although both conventional oil and gas continue to be produced in the Appalachian basin, most new wells in the region are drilled in shale reservoirs to produce natural gas.
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Professional Paper 1708 is a modern, indepth collection of reports, cross sections, and maps that describe the geology of the Appalachian basin and its fossil fuel resources. "
- 1677 - [February 15, 2012] - Marcellus.com, Danielle Wente | Shale Plays Media - "New geological maps allow for better understanding of the Marcellus Shale"
"Thanks to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), new updates to maps and geological information for the Marcellus Shale formation has allowed for a better understanding of the shale’s structure, thickness and extent.
In order to create these maps, the EIA uses data collected from the wells in the formation. The maps show the formation’s extent and the structure of the areas that are productive and prospectively productive. The structure and thickness maps are extremely important when determining resource estimation and when defining areas where hydrocarbon extraction is practical...."
- 1719 - [NA] - Maryland Geological Survey, Maryland Geological Survey - "History of Natural Gas Exploration and Production in Maryland"
"Maryland contains five physiographic provinces. From east to west, they are: the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Piedmont, the Blue Ridge, the Ridge and Valley, and the Appalachian Plateaus Provinces. Only rocks from the Atlantic Coastal Plain (and continental shelf), Ridge and Valley, and Appalachian Plateau are potentially hydrocarbon bearing and may be suitable for exploration. Maryland is one of 33 states that produce oil and gas."
- 1801 - [November 21, 2012] - Malaga Bay, NA - "The Hubbert Inheritance"
"The Settled Science of geology incorporates the quaint notion that the Earth’s petroleum deposits were formed via the “anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms”.
Western mainstream petroleum geologists accordingly classify petroleum as a “fossil fuel” [aka decomposed dinosaur detritus] because these “dead organisms” are “typically” believed to have been “buried” millions of years ago."
- 1810 - [May 1, 2015] - The Oil Drum, aeberman - "Shale Gas—Abundance or Mirage? Why The Marcellus Shale Will Disappoint Expectations"
"Shale gas plays in the United States are commercial failures and shareholders in public exploration and production (E&P) companies are the losers. This conclusion falls out of a detailed evaluation of shale-dominated company financial statements and individual well decline curve analyses. Operators have maintained the illusion of success through production and reserve growth subsidized by debt with a corresponding destruction of shareholder equity. Many believe that the high initial rates and cumulative production of shale plays prove their success. What they miss is that production decline rates are so high that, without continuous drilling, overall production would plummet. There is no doubt that the shale gas resource is very large. The concern is that much of it is non-commercial even at price levels that are considerably higher than they are today. "