Fracking in Foreign Countries
The links given here are articles discussing fracking in countries other than the US.
- - 1088 - [January 21, 2015] - BBC News Lancashire, BBC News Lancashire - "Cuadrilla Lancashire fracking application 'should be refused'"
- "A key report has said fracking should not go ahead at two Lancashire sites.
The council's report recommended the Little Plumpton application, for a site north of Preston New Road, should be turned down due to concerns over noise, which would "unnecessarily and unacceptably" affect neighboring properties.
"On the issues of public health - other than noise - on the issues of air quality, seismicity or earth tremors, the council has concluded that none of those are reasons to refuse this application."
- - 1089 - [June 27, 2013] - BBC News UK, BBC News UK - "What is fracking and why is it controversial?"
- "Fracking is the process of drilling down into the earth before a high-pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside. Water, sand and chemicals are injected into the rock at high pressure which allows the gas to flow out to the head of the well.
The process is carried out vertically or, more commonly, by drilling horizontally to the rock layer. The process can create new pathways to release gas or can be used to extend existing channels.
The first is that fracking uses huge amounts of water that must be transported to the fracking site, at significant environmental cost. The second is the worry that potentially carcinogenic chemicals used may escape and contaminate groundwater around the fracking site. The industry suggests pollution incidents are the results of bad practice, rather than an inherently risky technique.
There are also worries that the fracking process can cause small earth tremors. Two small earthquakes of 1.5 and 2.2 magnitude hit the Blackpool area in 2011 following fracking.
Finally, environmental campaigners say that fracking is simply distracting energy firms and governments from investing in renewable sources of energy, and encouraging continued reliance on fossil fuels.
Fracking allows drilling firms to access difficult-to-reach resources of oil and gas. In the US it has significantly boosted domestic oil production and driven down gas prices. It is estimated to have offered gas security to the US and Canada for about 100 years, and has presented an opportunity to generate electricity at half the CO2 emissions of coal."
- - 1092 - [January 21, 2015] - Building.co.uk, Jim Dunton - "Doubts raised over fracking jobs boom"
- "The number of jobs that proponents of shale-gas extraction say the industry will create in the North West are twice as high as practical evidence from the US indicates, according to a new report.
Environmental group Friends of the Earth said research showed that job booms sparked by the process, also known as ‘fracking’, tended to be short-lived and that investing in the renewables sector and energy efficiency provided more employment.
But a peer-reviewed analysis of job creation from shale gas production in the US found that 18.5 jobs were created per billion cubic feet of gas production. Based on this, each well pad would create around 400 jobs at peak.
Such overstatement reflects the US experience where actual job creation from the Marcellus Shale, one of the largest US shale fields, has been less than one-seventh of that claimed in one industry-funded study."
- - 1311 - [February 4, 2015] - NoTricksZone, Fred F. Mueller - "The coming age of power cannibalism…Germany on the verge of committing energy suicide"
- "German politicians see themselves as the saviors of our climate. In the early 1990s German politicians started the policies that ultimately culminated in the “Energiewende”, which aims to eliminate nuclear power generation and some 76% of the fossil fuel power generation. By 2050 some 80% of power generation should come from “renewable” green sources such as wind, solar, biomass, waste incineration and hydro. Since the volatile sources of wind and solar power will have to contribute the lion’s share, politicians reluctantly concede 20% of the energy coming from reliable fossil power sources."
- - 1313 - [July 7, 2013] - Committee For A Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT), Larry Bell - "Subsidies to wind and solar dwarf those to “big oil” — but wait! There’s more!"
- "One of the big applause lines in President Obama’s recent Georgetown “climate action plan” pitch declaring an all-out EPA war on coal and it’s fossil cousins said: “And because billions of your tax dollars continue to still subsidize some of the most profitable corporations in the history of the world, my budget once again calls for Congress to end the tax breaks for big oil companies, and invest in the clean-energy companies that will fuel our future.”
This is hardly a new strategy theme. The familiar take-away line is that even more regulation is essential to bludgeon energy producers and consumers to abandon climate-ravaging fossil fuels in favor of heavily taxpayer-subsidized “alternatives”… and eliminate that Big Oil tax break subsidy advantage."
- - 1316 - [FEBRUARY 3, 2015] - National Review Online, Tom Rogan - Daily Telegraph - "Russia’s War on Fracking"
- "Threatened by low oil prices, Putin is covertly supporting anti-frackers and spreading propaganda.
As a senior archivist for the KGB’s foreign-intelligence directorate, Vasili Mitrokhin had access to a treasure trove of information. He unveiled those secrets after defecting to Britain in 1992.
Today, Russia is waging another active-measures campaign. But this time Russia’s target is fracking. The facts are clear. Fracking, which is revolutionizing energy politics, offers a cheap, new source of global power. But that’s not all. In offering Europe independence from Russian energy exports, fracking poses a direct challenge to Russia. Because Putin depends for revenue on his oil and natural gas-exports, fracking’s cheaper alternative presents him with a big problem. Indeed, lower oil prices are already driving Russia’s economy into recession."
- - 1360 -  - CCPA - Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Ben Parfitt - "Fracking for shale gas in BC"
- "Today we released a report on "fracking" In northeastern BC: a controversial process that gas companies are using to extract natural gas from deeply buried shale formations. The provincial government supports the industry with millions of dollars in subsidies, in spite of the health and environmental risks of fracking — and while the companies profit, British Columbians aren't getting much in return."
- - 1361 - [November 2011] - CCPA - Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Ben Parfitt - "Fracking Up Our Water, Hydro Power and Climate - BC's Reckless Pursuit of Shale Gas"
- "The BC government has focused on the oil and gas industry as a key source of employment and prosperity, which may leave the impression that significant economic benefits outweigh environmental concerns. However, in 2007, oil, gas and mining accounted for less than one per cent of provincial employment, but nearly one third of industrial GHG emissions.
As natural gas prices have dropped, so have public revenues from royalties. Yet in the face of persistently low gas prices (due in part to a glut of available gas in North America due to upward revisions in estimates of available shale gas) the government continues to offer royalty breaks and infrastructure credits to the industry, which actually serve to lower public returns. The province and industry are both banking on that changing, should gas exports proceed, because the prices paid for gas in Asian markets are substantially higher than in North America.
The short-term gains in future revenues and jobs, however, ought to be weighed against the considerable environmental costs, begging the question: Why is BC subsidizing a polluting industry instead of developing a true green jobs plan?"
- - 1368 - [November 18, 2013] - The CommonSenseCanadian, Damien Gillis and Will Koop - "Talisman frackwater pit leaked for months, kept from public"
- "A pit storing contaminated fracking water in northeast BC was leaking into the surrounding soil and groundwater for up to six months before owner Talisman formally notified the Oil and Gas Commission and undertook clean-up efforts, The Common Sense Canadian has learned.
One of five lined pits connected to Talisman’s Farrell Creek operations north of Hudson’s Hope, referred to as Pond A, suffered a puncture through both of its protective layers, causing toxic fluids to begin escaping into the environment. The pits are used to store “produced water” from previous fracks to be reused later as part of a program to cut back on freshwater use. Ironically, this practice has now threatened local groundwater due to the ruptured liners.
It has proven difficult to obtain straight answers from the regulator or company, but through a series of recent communications, we have been able to piece together a rough timeline of the incident."
- - 1396 - [October 22, 2014] - RT Question More., Peter Andrews | Reuters - "Shale gas: boom or bubble?"
- "Countries are apparently eager to inflate the size of their shale gas reserves to attract investment, but the actual figures are spectacularly off.
Millions of dollars are being shelled out for shale exploration by countries across Europe, often to confirm what they knew all along- there is no shale gas.
Romania has been forced to face the facts when it comes to the fracking, or lack thereof. It had hoped to seal a lucrative deal to extract 1.4 trillion cubic meters of gas, which has now turned to out to be zero. "
- - 1513 - [March 20, 2015] - Farmers Guardian, Ben Briggs - "NFU Mutual clarifies its position on fracking insurance"
- "NFU Mutual has sought to clarify its stance on insurance related to fracking after accusations on social media it would not pay out for incidents related to the controversial gas extraction process.
A flurry of activity on Twitter claimed the insurer had removed coverage for fracking-related damage from its policies.
A Tweet from Jamie Kelsey-Fry said: “New exclusion added to farmers’ insurance policies @NFU mutual will not cover #fracking.”
But the insurer hit back.
It said a farm not involved in fracking but which suffered damage as a result of the process, for example shale gas extraction on a neighbouring property caused building subsidence, would be covered. So too would other rural properties in the area who insured with it.
However, any farmer who had chosen to make a commercial decision to be involved in fracking would not be covered for damage incurred as a result of the process."
- - 1582 - [March 2, 2015] - Quartz, Liam Herringshaw - "Whatever happened to the great European fracking boom?"
- "The European shale gas boom has not materialized in the way that some were predicting. We are a far cry from the situation a few years ago, where interest in fracking in Europe was gathering pace on the back of the successes in North America.
The UK appeared to be leading the way, with drilling activities in northwest and southeast England. Companies started snapping up exploration licenses right across the continent, and prospects from Scandinavia to the Urals found themselves being eagerly appraised.
So what’s happened, and what do the prospects for Europe look like now?"
- - 1808 - [NA] - Mortgage Finance Gazette, Joanne Atkin - "Fracking will hit house values, warn estate agents"
- "Estate agents in areas targeted by fracking companies are reporting concerns from prospective buyers over looming shale developments, with some sales already falling through as a result.
According to a survey of 60 estate agents operating close to potential fracking sites in West Sussex, Manchester, and Lancashire, the controversial technique is likely to wipe tens of thousands of pounds off the values of nearby properties and make homes harder to sell."